About Botulinum toxin
Wrinkles appear as part of the normal aging process. They result from the contraction of facial muscles associated to internal factors such as a reduction of the skin elasticity, reduced production of collagen and elastin and the type, texture and thickness of the skin. Some external factors also play an important role as sun exposure, alcohol and cigaretts consumption.
Treatment with Botulinum toxin or Botox, when injected under the skin relaxes the muscles of the treated areas. The muscles contract slightly. Result: The skin remains smooth and relaxed, the face is rejuvenated. Botox treatment should be preceded by a consultation with Dr Xavier Tenorio, specialist in plastic surgery with a broad experience in treatments with botulinum toxin in Geneva.
The botulinum toxin (Botox – Dysport) is a protein produced by a bacteria known as Clostridium botulinum which has the particular capability of blocking the neuromuscular transmission. Its use as a medicine began in 1960 by a group of ophthalmologist in the research level and in 1980 was finally used for the treatment of strabismus (crossed eyes) and for blepharomspams (involuntary forced blinking) both conditions generated by an abnormal muscle contraction. Since, more applications where discovered in the coming years including achalasia, sweeting and muscular spams due to cerebral palsy.
The cosmetic use of the botulinum toxin began in the late 1980’s for the treatment of the frown lines, since then its application in the dynamics of the face has spread importantly.